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RESURRECTION SUNDAY 2020 Luke 24:13-49
This is a wonderful part of the scripture. It is Resurrection Day, the day that the world changed. Everything has gone exactly according to God’s plan. But the disciples don’t know it yet. In fact, it seems to them that God’s plan has come to a screeching, tearing, smash-up end.
Two of them are walking, trying to get their heads around what they see as a tragedy. It is actually not a tragedy at all, but they can’t know that yet. They were so sure that Jesus was the One. He had to be from God. They knew him, and they had never known anyone like him. They heard him, and he spoke like no one had before. They saw him do genuine, honest-to-goodness miracles, so blatant that they knew he was sent by God.
But now the same old story was repeating itself. It was just one more crushing defeat in the long war against evil. This bright star, this man unlike anyone they had known, had been killed by the powers-that-be, who felt threatened by him. It was over.
Except, a Mary Magdalene had come this morning with a strange story, and even Peter and John had backed her up. Jesus’ body was missing, and they all said angels had spoken to them. But people don’t rise from the dead. It was probably just Peter, who was never good at accepting things as they are, and Mary, carried away in false grief-induced hope. Poor Peter. Poor Mary. Sooner or later they’d have to accept it.
As they walk and talk, a stranger joins them. They can’t remember exactly where he had come from, but he is there now. Impossibly, he seems to be ignorant of the stir Jesus had caused, and how the events surrounding his death had unsettled all Jerusalem.
After they tell the story, the stranger begins to talk. He talks especially about the scriptures, and what they say about the Christ. It sounds like he thinks Jesus was the Christ, after all. The way he tells it, the Christ had to suffer and die, and scriptures seems to back him up on that. Their hearts are filled with a kind of fierce joy as he reveals the scriptures to them. They don’t understand how they could ever be joyful again, but this stranger has a way of talking that gets to them.
They arrive at their destination, and though the stranger seems reluctant, they convince him to stay. As they recline at the table for a meal, the stranger takes bread, broken and gives it to them… and suddenly they see him. Jesus. The Messiah.
And just as suddenly, he is gone.
They run all the way back to Jerusalem to tell their story to the others. The others have a story of their own. They say that Jesus has risen from the dead and has appeared to Peter. While they talk excitedly about all this, suddenly he is there again. But is he? Isn’t this just a phantom, or some kind of mass hallucination?
The phantom speaks. He says, “Yes, it is really me. Here, look at my wounds. Feel me – phantoms don’t have flesh and bones. All right, how about this? Give me something to eat.” And Jesus eats a piece of fish. No phantom could do such things.
Now, once again, Jesus unpacks the scriptures to them. He reminds them how the Bible is all about Him; it is to show us Him. He points out that if they had understood and believed, none of this should be surprising. It has all been according to plan. And then he gives them a mission: In his name, preach repentance from sin, and forgiveness of sin. In His name, bear witness to Him to everyone you meet.
There is so much here in this poignant passage of the Bible. Like everything else, it there to reveal Jesus to us.
Let’s start with the beginning of the story. The Resurrection has happened. This was absolutely necessary. Jesus claimed to forgive sins – something only God could do. In his time ministering, he talked and acted like he had the very same authority that God had. He told people that were supposed to follow Him – not God, but Him. He even said people should make him – Jesus – more important than anything else in life. So if he wasn’t God, he was the very worst kind of egomaniacal demon. But he didn’t act like a demon either: he healed people, he treated people with compassion, he taught people to love one another. He also predicted that he would die, and that he would rise again.
So if he did not rise from the dead, Jesus was a fraud. If he didn’t rise from the dead, his words about forgiveness and following him, and loving others were all meaningless. And that’s what it looks like to the disciples on resurrection day. Jesus has already risen, but they haven’t seen it yet. They can’t quite believe he was a fraud, but what was he then? Even in the moment of wildest victory, they think they are defeated. They only see tragedy, even though the reality is wonderful, amazing victory. I think we are like that so often. We don’t understand what Jesus has been up to. We are focused on things in the world, and we miss the eternal promises that are offered to us: promises that will never spoil or fade, never be destroyed by age or the limitations of this mortal life. I love this line from the story:
17 Then he asked them, “What is this dispute that you’re having with each other as you are walking? ” And they stopped walking and looked discouraged. (Luke 24:17, CSB)
They were profoundly discouraged, because they couldn’t see Jesus. They had been hoping he was going to deliver Israel from the Romans. That dream was now dead. But Jesus was up to something far, far bigger than they had ever imagined. He wasn’t there to deliver one small country from the Roman Empire. If he had been there merely to fulfill their earthly dream of delivering Israel, where would that leave us today? No. He was there to open a door to something eternal and lasting, something much better – infinitely better – than any thing they, or we, could hope for in this mortal life. The reality is, they had nothing to be discouraged about. Something even better than all of their small hopes has been realized in the man who is standing in front of them. But they can’t see him, not yet.
Instead of revealing himself as the man in front of them, instead, he shows them the path that all Christians will have to take in the centuries to come:
27 Then beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he interpreted for them the things concerning himself in all the Scriptures. Luke 24:27
There is a reason he did that. He would not always remain on earth, and he was teaching them the best way to find Him whenever they wanted to. This is now the path to seeing Jesus: the Bible. As he reveals himself to them through the scriptures, their hearts burn within them with a strange fire.
Then, they reach the house and start the meal. Finally, he reveals himself to them. Again, he shows himself in a particular way. He does it in the breaking of the bread – that is, what has become communion. Once more, he his showing the way for all generations afterwards – we can find him in the breaking of bread.
They are thrilled beyond measure. Though he leaves them again, they run, full of joy – all the way back to their brethren in Jerusalem. They are met with more tidings of joy, for Jesus has shown himself to Peter also.
Now, Jesus comes to all of them at once. I love this next part. Two of them spent several hours with him earlier, and finally knew him at the breaking of bread. Peter has seen Jesus earlier also. Now, he stands in their midst…and they think he is a ghost!
Doubts are normal. Even after he had appeared to them on the road and revealed himself to them at the breaking of bread, when he appeared to them again, they thought it was a ghost. With him standing right in front of them, they doubted. Doubt is not a sin. Jesus understands it. He makes them give him a piece of fish. He makes them come touch him, and look at his scars. He understand that what he asks us to believe is improbable. The resurrection is wildly improbable, even though he told them it would happen.
Now, the difficult thing for us is that Jesus is not standing in front of us. The Bible explains clearly why. If he remained in physical body, most humans would never get a chance to spend even a few seconds with him. So he sent his Holy Spirit instead. But the fact remains, we don’t get to touch his body, see his scars and watch him eat. He spoke to them then, and what he said was for our sake – for us, who never saw his body:
44 He told them, “These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you — that everything written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets, and the Psalms must be fulfilled.” 45 Then he opened their minds to understand the Scriptures. 46 He also said to them, “This is what is written: The Messiah would suffer and rise from the dead the third day, 47 and repentance for forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed in his name to all the nations, beginning at Jerusalem. 48 You are witnesses of these things. 49 And look, I am sending you what my Father promised. As for you, stay in the city until you are empowered from on high.” (Luke 24:44-49, CSB)
He isn’t revealed to us in a physical body any more. But he is revealed to in the scriptures. The purpose of the Bible is to reveal Jesus to us. If you want to know Jesus better, read the Bible. Start in Matthew, Mark, Luke or John. Read a chapter a day, or less, if you need to. Keep on through the New Testament. After a month or so of regular reading, you will have more of Jesus than you did before. After two months, even more.
He is also revealed in the breaking of the bread – what we call communion.
Finally, we have something that the disciples did not yet have on resurrection day: The Holy Spirit. This is what Jesus is talking about when talks about “what my Father promised,” and “until you are empowered.” We have Jesus within us through the Holy Spirit. This is even better than having him as a person we see and touch. This is why Paul could write:
20 I have been crucified with Christ, and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. The life I now live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me. (Galatians 2:20, CSB)
When we live like that – by faith in Jesus – then Jesus can express himself not through one human body, but through every person who trusts him. I can see Jesus through you. You can see him through me. Maybe I can see his laughter and humour through one person, and his thoughtfulness and depth through another, and his care and compassion through yet another. Maybe, perhaps, you can see a little bit of his suffering through those who suffer. I don’t want to gloss over this too quickly. In the Western world, we Christians have often forgotten the importance of seeing Christ in the community of believers. This is part of his gift to us. We can catch glimpses of Jesus in one another. I hope you can see that obviously, this applies to all Christians, not just pastors and leaders.
We also find Jesus within us. I don’t mean we are little specks of God, or any similar nonsense. I mean that when we repent and trust, we are forgiven, and the Holy Spirit makes his home in us, and we can access him for guidance, grace, hope and comfort. We don’t have to go to a temple, or kneel on a rug facing east, or anything like that. If we have repented of our sins (which means being sorry, and having the best intentions to not continue in them) and trusted in Jesus then he is right there, all of the time. I began my own walk of the faith even before I can remember. I was very young. And so, I cannot recall a single day in my life of feeling truly alone. This is because Jesus has always been there through the Holy Spirit. I’ve had one or two crises of faith where I thought maybe I didn’t believe anymore. But each time, I couldn’t escape the fact that He was still with me. He is with us always, just as he promised (Matthew 28:20).
All of this was made possible by the resurrection. It is all available to you and I. It isn’t cheap – it cost Jesus dearly – but it is free to us. So today, three things:
First, if you have not ever consciously repented and trusted, why not try it now? Repentance is not about feeling guilty all the time – quite the opposite. The process I am talking about removes our actual guilt and should lead to far fewer feelings of guilt. I don’t say “no feelings of guilt,” because I am being realistic: some of us had guilt drummed into us at an early age, and though we are declared “not guilty” when we repent and trust Jesus, we still carry it around in our minds. But when we do truly repent, and then trust, those guilty feelings are reduced, and some people, as time goes on, find that even the feeling of it is almost entirely removed. Whether or not the feeling goes, the reality is that when we repent of our sin and trust in Jesus the actual guilt is removed. Our sins have been fully punished – but in Jesus, not in us.
A second thing: this is all very good news. And Jesus, even as he assured them of the fact of his resurrection, called them to be his witnesses to that good news. All Christians are called to be witnesses. A witness simply tells what he or she knows. We don’t have to argue anyone into the kingdom of God. We bear witness to Jesus as we have come to know him through the scripture, through communion, and through other believers.
Finally Resurrection Day is something to celebrate. Though our culture makes Christmas the premier holiday, in fact, Resurrection is the biggest day of all for us who trust Jesus. This is the day that Jesus made good on all his promises. This is the day he opened the way to eternal life, to better hopes and dreams than anything we could find in this life. This is the day he triumphed over the powers of evil.
This is the day. Let us rejoice and be glad in it!